There are two main types of glaucoma
Primary Open-angle glaucoma
The most common type of glaucoma is this one. It gradually occurs when the eye doesn’t drain liquid as well as it should (like a stopped-up channel). As a result, ocular pressure builds up and starts to harm the optic nerve. This type of glaucoma is simple to treat and doesn’t affect eyesight at first.
Some people may have optic nerves that are sensitive to normal eye pressure. This indicates that their risk of developing eye disease is higher than average. To identify early signs of optic nerve degeneration, routine eye exams are crucial.
Angle-closure glaucoma, also known as closed-angle or narrow-angle glaucoma
When a person’s iris is exceptionally close to the waste point in their eye, this type occurs. The seepage point may end up being blocked by the iris. Imagine it slipping over a sink channel like a piece of paper. When the seepage point is completely blocked, ocular pressure quickly increases. We refer to this as an aggressive assault. It is a true eye emergency, so you need to call an ophthalmologist immediately to avoid losing your vision.
The following symptoms of a serious point-conclusion glaucoma assault:
- Suddenly, your eyesight turns blurry.
- if you get serious eye pain
- You experience cerebral ache
- Do you feel weak and sick to your stomach? (Sickness)
- Do you vomit? (vomit)
- You notice coronas or circles around lights that are sparkly.
Many people who have point-conclusion glaucoma progress slowly. Ongoing point-conclusion glaucoma is what is causing this. They don’t notice they have it until the harm is serious or they are assaulted because there are no early indications.
Symptoms of angle-closure glaucoma
Point conclusion eye disease sufferers usually don’t show any signs before an assault. Loss of vision, radiance, mild headaches, or eye pain is a few early indicators of an assault. As soon as times change, an optometrist should actually examine anyone exhibiting these symptoms. An assault of point-blank eye disease includes the following::
- severe pain in the forehead or eyes
- Weak or nonexistent eyes
- viewing radiances or rainbows
Who is at risk for glaucoma?
Some people are more likely than average to develop glaucoma. This includes those who:
- are over 40 years old
- They have glaucoma in their family.
- have ancestry that is African, Hispanic, or Asian
- experience high eye pressure
- have poor vision or myopia
- experienced eye injuries
- use long-term steroid medications
- have corneas with a narrow middle
- have the optic nerve deteriorate
- suffer from conditions that affect the entire body, such as diabetes, headaches, hypertension, unfavorable blood pressure, or other conditions
Have a discussion with an ophthalmologist about your risk of developing eye disease. People who have more than one of these risk factors have a substantially increased chance of developing eye disease.